Bacon suggested Garden should be

The rich, sweet smell of the hayricks rose to his chamber window; the hundred perfumes of the little flower-garden beneath scented the air around; the deep-green meadows shone in the morning dew that glistened on every leaf as it trembled in the gentle air: and the birds sang as if every sparkling drop were a fountain of inspiration to them.

Garden!

A garden is the purest of human pleasures. It provides the greatest refreshment to man’s mind. Garden of Eden is Almighty’s first planted garden. What does “Garden” mean?

G = Glory
A = Attractiveness
R = Relaxation
D = Dignity
E = Exquisiteness
N = Nature

How would you plan for your garden?

Francis Bacon, a philosopher and a pioneer of empirical science wrote about the style of the garden in his essay. Bacon suggested critical points to be taken care of while designing garden.

1. Seasons and Plants
2. Scent of Plants
3. Layout
4. Knots
5. Hedges
6. Topiary
7. Mount
8. Fountains
9. Heath
10. Aviaries

Season & Garden

“Seasons change, friends move away, and life goes on from day to day. Flowers fade and streams go dry and many times we wonder why. Yet we can always be assured because God tells us in His Word, that unlike changes in the weather, love goes on and last”

While designing garden, care should be taken. Plant only those, which are for all seasons. What should be your choice as of today?

Spring
Anemone, artichoke, asparagus sprouts, azalea, bracken, bramble, camellia, cherry blossoms, cherry tree, crocus, dandelion, daphne, blossoms or leaf buds of trees and shrubs (almond, apple, apricot, maple, oak, pear, peach, pine, wisteria, etc.), forget-me-not, grass sprouts, hawthorn, hyacinth, lilac, lily of the valley, mustard, pansy, parsley, plum blossoms, plum tree, California poppy, primrose, seaweed or laver (nori), sweet pea, shepherd’s-purse, tulip, violet, willow, pussy willows or willow catkins.

Summer
Amaryllis, barley, summer bracken, bamboo sprouts, cactus flower, carnation, summer chrysanthemum, (blue) cornflower, dahlia, dill flower, foxglove, fuchsia, gardenia, geranium, gerbera, gladiolus, summer/rank grasses/weeds, hibiscus, hollyhock, honeysuckle, hydrangea, iris, lily (calla, daylily, etc.), lotus, marguerite, marigold, mold (mildew), moss grown (mossy), oxalis, peony, phlox, pinks, evening primrose, rose, salvia, silk tree (mimosa), snapdragon, sunflower, summer thistle, yucca, zinnia, summer fruits/vegetables (apricot, banana, blackberry, cucumber, cherry, eggplant, green grapes, green (unripe) apple, green peas, green walnut, melons, pineapple, potato, strawberry, tomato).

Autumn
Apple, wild aster, autumn leaves, banana plant, buckwheat, bush clover, chamomile, chestnut, chrysanthemum, corn, cranberry, dried grass or plants, fallen or falling leaves (e.g. fallen willow leaves), gourds, grapes (except green grapes), huckleberry, maiden flower, morning glory, mushrooms, nuts, orchid, pampas grass plumes, pear, persimmon, pomegranate, pumpkin, reeds, reed flowers/tassels, rose of sharon, squash, vines, weed flowers.

Winter
Carrot, celery, dried persimmon, (dried) prunes, early plum blossom, holly, heavenly bamboo(Nandina), pine nuts, poinsettia, radish, scallion,tangerine /mandarin orange, turnip, winter camellia, winter chrysanthemum, winter grass, winter narcissus, winter peony, winter quince, winter tree or grove, withered or frost-nipped plants (tree, grasses, leaves, twig, etc.).

Scents

“What’s in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet.” – Shakespeare

Flowers smell sweeter in the air than in the hand. The fragrance of flowers is as sweet as the warbling of music. Roses retain their smell in the blooms. The violets yields the sweetest. Next to that is the musk rose and sweetbriar. Even crushed or trodden burnet, wild theme and water mints scent air like anything. When you walk near by, it should give you pleasure full of scent!!

“Don’t wear perfume in the garden – unless you want to be pollinated by bees” said Anne Raver.

Layout

In order to live off a garden, you practically have to live in it.
– Frank McKinney Hubbard

In Bacon’s view, garden should be divided in three parts: Green in the entrance, a Heath, or Desert, in the going forth, and the main Garden in the midst, besides alleys on both sides. If it is 30 acres garden, four acres of ground be assigned to the Green, six to the Heath, four and four to either side, and twelve to the main Garden

Knots and Topiary

As for the making of knots, or figures, with divers colored earths. The Alexandra Hicks Herb Knot Garden is one example. Especially in case of knots, topiary has been popular for centuries and we enjoy shaping and training plants into both traditional and less conventional shapes. Topiary delight the eyes, which include formal and decorative shapes, created with care in yew and boxwood. Little low hedges, round like welts, with some pretty pyramids gives pleased impression.

Hedges

“Garden should not be the whole breadth of the ground, but to leave on either side ground enough for diversity of side alleys, unto which the two covert alleys of the Green may deliver you; but there must be no alleys with hedges at either end of this great enclosure; not at the hither ends for letting your prospect upon this fair hedge from the Green; nor at the farther end, for letting your prospect from the hedge through the arches upon the Heath” suggested Bacon.

Fountains

“Gardening requires lots of water – most of it in the form of perspiration.” – Lou Erickson

Fountains offer the advantages of not taking up valuable square footage in this age of never ending urban sprawl. You can find completely self-contained fountains. If it is ground level, your pet may consider it a big water dish, bathtub, or swimming pool! Wall garden fountains skirt this issue. Decorative fencing or natural borders can help in-ground setups.

According to Bacon fountains should be of sprinkleth or spouteth water. The idea is that water should be in uninterrupted motion in any case of fountain, fed by a water higher than the pool, and delivered into it by fair spouts, and then discharged away underground, by some equality of bores.

Aviaries

Nothing Unnatural!! Make garden such that attracts aviaries naturally. The birds may have more scope and natural nestling, and that no foulness appear in the floor of the aviary.

The way Bacon suggested “Garden should be” is fantastic. What about you?

The kiss of the sun for pardon,
The song of the birds for mirth,
One is nearer God’s heart in a garden
Than anywhere else on earth.
~Dorothy Frances Gurney, “Garden Thoughts”

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