A herb used as a drug, marijuana is also known as cannabis. Two forms of marijuana, herbal and the resinous, are used in the preparation of the drug. Hashish is the resinous form of marijuana. Sub-tending leaves and flowers of the plant are used in preparing the drug. The plant contains a chemical compound, tetrahydrocannabinol, which is used for medicinal purposes.
Marijuana Myths and Facts
There are many myths surrounding the effects caused by marijuana. Some of them are discussed below.
Myth#1: It is said that the intake of marijuana leads to permanent mental illness. Even small amounts of the drug are capable of causing psychological damage in children.
Fact: Marijuana intake sometimes results into anxiety, panic and paranoia; however, it doesn’t cause permanent mental damage. If marijuana is eaten directly, chances are, that the person temporarily suffers from toxic psychosis.
Myth#2: The drug is considered highly addictive. People who use marijuana, face severe withdrawal symptoms.
Fact: According to the facts recorded in the US, not even 1% Americans are addicted to marijuana. Even those who use heavy doses of the drug, don’t face any kind of withdrawal symptoms.
Myth#3: The marijuana that is available today, is more potent than that of the ’60s decade. The drug has become more dangerous over time.
Fact: The drug hasn’t undergone any changes in its properties, as is presented by some people. The samples seized by the Drug Enforcement Administration do not represent the marijuana that is generally used by people.
Myth#4: The offenders who violate the laws regarding the usage of marijuana are not arrested. Strict action is not taken against them.
Fact: Contrary to the belief that violators of marijuana are not punished, the truth is that around 86% of the offenders were arrested for illegal possession of the drug. Thousands of people have served the punishment for the offense.
Myth#5: Marijuana is considered the cause behind diseases such as lung cancer, emphysema and bronchitis.
Fact: The above argument doesn’t hold much truth behind it. Marijuana smoking is not frequent even among regular smokers in comparison with those who smoke tobacco products. Marijuana intake doesn’t play any role in the development of lung cancer. The fact was supported by a paper presented to the American Thoracic Society in the year 2006.
Myth#6: Cannabis contains tetrahydrocannabinol, a psychoactive substance used for medicinal purpose. It is said that drugs that are more effective in action than marijuana, are available in the market.
Fact: Even today, marijuana is used in the treatment of various problems. The drug is used to reduce nausea, that results from chemotherapy. It is also used to reduce the spasticity in muscles in patients suffering from various neurological disorders.
Myth#7: Cannabis is considered a ‘gateway’ drug i.e. the drug is believed to induce the intake of potent and dangerous drugs such as cocaine, LSD and heroin.
Fact: The myth that marijuana is a gateway drug, is based on a fragile assumption and statistical association between the usage of common and uncommon drugs. The facts state that many of them who use marijuana, have never consumed any of the illegal drugs.
Myth#8: It is believed that the intake of marijuana induces apathetic behavior and makes people passive in their approach. People tend to lose their productivity in work and students perform badly in studies.
Fact: Even after many years of research, scientists have failed to understand the relation between marijuana and the apathetic behavior in people. Thus, the drug has nothing to do with the productivity of employees or the grades of students.
Misconceptions prevent us from understanding the truth behind many things. Myths develop as a result of apathy and ignorance. Thus, it is important to remain vigilant and understand the true picture behind any given fact.
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Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants, that includes three species, known as cannabis indica, cannabis sativa and cannabis ruderalis, which are native to Central and South Asia. Cannabis is a genus of dioecious plants, which means that the male and female reproductive organs are found in separate plants. In other words, there are separate male and female cannabis plants. Cannabis has a long history of being used for a number of medicinal purposes and as a recreational drug in the form of marijuana. The plant is also cultivated for its fiber or hemp, which can be used for making durable clothing. The leaves and seeds of the plant are known to contain a compound THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, which is a psychoactive product. Generally, the species, cannabis ruderalis is considered as a non-drug cultivar and is grown for industrial and agricultural purposes. You can grow cannabis plants either from the seeds and by cloning. Cloning enables to preserve the characteristics of a high quality plant. Here are a few tips on cloning cannabis plants.
Cloning Cannabis in Soil
For cloning cannabis plants, first of all you need to choose the best and strongest plant, whose qualities you want to preserve by cloning. The things that you will need to perform cloning successfully are, a clean and sterilized razor blade, hand gloves, planting medium or potting soil, rooting gel and a container. The container or planter should be ideally 8 to 9 inches in height and diameter. Fill the container with the potting soil. The soil to be used for planting cannabis should be well-drained. Now, you can take the cutting from your chosen cannabis plant. Wear a pair of hand gloves, or wash your hands properly before taking the cutting. Use the sharp and clean razor to take a cutting from the bottom of the plant. Usually, cuttings can be taken from the lower 1/3 of the mother plant. Try to make the cut at an angle.
Now, dip the cut end of the stem in rooting gel, in order to protect them and promote rooting. The cutting is now ready for planting. So, gently plant the cutting in the soil and move the soil around it slightly. The soil should be wet for promoting fast growth of the clone. After planting, the cutting is usually kept in a humidity dome for a few days. To create a humidity dome, cover the container with a clear plastic lid or a plastic wrap. You can open the lid or wrap once in a day, or cut a small hole in it to provide ventilation. During this period, water and mist your cannabis clone to ensure faster growth. Usually, cuttings are obtained from a plant that is in the vegetative stage. However, flowering plants can also be cloned. But, cloning cannabis during flowering can take a lot of time to turn back the clone to the vegetative stage.
Cloning Cannabis in Water
Another method for cloning cannabis is water cloning, which is comparatively much easier than soil cloning. The only requirement for this method is water and sufficient amount of light. You can begin in the same way to get cuttings from the mother plant, as mentioned above, after which just immerse the cutting in an opaque container filled with water and keep it this way, until it develops a strong root system. Place the container in a partially shaded area, and make sure that the place does not get direct sunlight. Otherwise, you can use an incandescent bulb to grow the clones. Once, the clones or cuttings develop strong roots, they are ready for transplanting. For transplanting, fill a container or pot with potting soil and moist it a bit. Now, make a hole on the top soil and insert the plant in it. Then cover the container or the pot with a clean plastic lid or plastic wrap to create a humidity dome, in the same way as has been mentioned already.
While cloning cannabis plants, one needs to be a bit careful, as the process can pose certain risks to the health of the plant. The most common cloning cannabis plants problems are the risk for fungal diseases and invasion by pests. Therefore, the plants that are resistant to pests and fungus are selected for cloning. The clones can become particularly susceptible to fungal growth, as they are put in a humidity zone for a couple of days, after cutting. High humidity is known to be a favorable condition for fungal growth. So, it is important to use a fungicide to protect the clones from such problems. However, fungicide needs to be used very carefully, as excess of it can ruin the clones. So, growing healthy and strong cannabis plants by cloning would require a little bit of care and precaution. Hope these few tips on cloning cannabis plants would prove helpful for you.
You will need to think about the following equipment to get a grow room up and going.
- Growing medium;
- Reservoir tank and water;
- Grow systems;
- Final plant size – how big do you want these ladies to be?
- Lighting, type and distance between the lights and the plants;
- Fans and air control including ventilation;
- Power outlets, timers, and meters (temperature, EC and pH);
- Room to work around the growth.
Spend some time planning your marijuana grow room in advance. A well planned grow room will be easier to work in and leaves less room for costly mistakes and accidents. Any space that can be made into an enclosed, lightproof environment will be suitable; from a whole garage or attic, down to a cupboard or even a tented off area of your room. But remember that you will need ventilation and space around the plants to tend to them.
Ideally, you should have at least 6ft (1.83cm) of headroom and easy access to power sockets. You can grow in smaller spaces but you will need to train your plants downwards on wires on a daily basis as they grow quickly under lights.
Think about discretion. Fans, bright lights(ie 600w LED) and pumps can sometimes attract unwanted attention and so should be kept away from neighbours or living accommodation where they may prove a nuisance. It is also important to think about odours. You’re burgeoning crop may begin to smell quite strongly, even from outside your house or flat. More information on eliminating odours can be found here.
Safety is a crucial consideration when planning the growing environment. Electricity and water don’t mix. Keep all electric appliances away from water and up off the floor in case of flooding. Before starting to grow, double check all timers, pipes, leads and electrical connections. It is usually a good idea to buy new gear but well inspected used gear can save you a lot of money. We would always buy new LED grow lights though as they do have a longer life expectancy and old traditional grow lights can offer poor results.
Give the whole system a dummy run first to be sure that there have been no errors in setting up. Watch that reservoir systems do not overfill on to the floor, that light does not escape the room and that the temperature does not fluctuate or get too hot or cold in the air and the reservoir. Remember to keep a fire extinguisher to hand in the grow room. I am not joking.