How to Grow Medical Marijuana Outdoors

Spring and summertime are the best times of the year for anyone but even better for the outdoor grower enthusiasts around the world. Indoor and outdoor growers alike know that there is nothing better that a long day sativa harvested and smoked at the end of the year. In my professional opinion there is nothing like tending to a beautiful crop, watching your tiny seedlings mature into lush trees. Since this is my favorite time of the year and I am getting ready to plant my crops, in this article I will give you my top locations for growing marijuana outdoors.

Backyard Gardens Backyard gardens provide the easiest access to your plants, giving you the chance to give them everything they need for maximum growth. The easy access also lets you take care of potential harmful problems such as insect infestation, mold or dehydration before it turns fatal. For patients with their medical license backyard gardens have been increasingly popular, returning the plant back to where it should be grown along side other backyard crops like tomatoes and greens. For the rest of the growers growing in backyards still includes the risk of getting caught. So if you have a place that is secure from neighbors and gets plenty of sunlight then you’ll be on your way to a perfect harvest.

Greenhouse A greenhouse is a compromise between indoors and out,greenhouses protect your plants from the worst of weather such as hard rain and strong winds, while at the same time providing all the natural sunlight the plants need. The downside of having a greenhouse would the upfront costs to put it together. Many growers use a method called light deprivation where they can induce early flowering by covering the greenhouse with tarps everyday to create the 12 hours of light and 12 hours of complete darkness. Growers are able to harvest many more crops throughout the season.

Rooftop Growing If you live in a home that has a tall rooftop or terrace that is not visible by peering eyes you can do what many new growers are doing world wide, growing on their rooftops. Growing on the rooftops or terrace elevates the plants towards the sun, in-turn creating bigger buds and heavier sugar production. The downfalls of the elevation is the wind will be much stronger and the temperatures will be much hotter, causing your plants to dry out faster.

All in all, I hope you can you this piece of information to your advantage, and Happy Growing!

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Tips to Build a Greenhouse

A greenhouse is a building structure, especially constructed to grow or cultivate plants in controlled conditions of light, temperature, ventilation and humidity. Exotic plants, orchids, flowers, vegetables and fruits are planted in greenhouse for the healthy plant growth and/or maximum yield. Specific crops and salad vegetables can also be grown for commercial production all the year round, irrespective of the off-seasons. In addition to regulated environmental conditions, the spread of plant diseases as well as pests are controlled in greenhouse. Considering these advantages, many hobbyists and gardeners opt for growing plants in greenhouses.

How to Build a Greenhouse

Like other construction works, the first step in building a greenhouse is to decide the correct location. Based on the climatic conditions, you can select a proper site that receives maximum sunlight. If possible, build the greenhouse in the south or southeast to the house, otherwise you can orient in the west or southwest direction. For cold areas, the greenhouse should be insulated or installed with heating equipment in order to retain maximum temperature inside the greenhouse.

Another factor to be considered about the site is a good drainage system. You can create a raised base, so as to prevent draining of rainwater inside the greenhouse. Once you have confirmed the location of greenhouse with the necessary features, you can purchase the structural requirements for building a greenhouse such as frames, coverings, foundation and flooring materials.

Greenhouse frames are available in various shapes such as gothic, quonset (circular frame), A-shaped and rigid frame (vertical sidewalls with a slopping roof). While speaking about the coverings of greenhouses, glass and fiberglass are the most durable materials that provide maximum warmth and humidity. Fiberglass is flexible and can be used in straight or curved surfaces. In case of a low budget project, you can opt for plastic coverings.

The foundation of greenhouse depends on the weight of the coverings; permanent foundation is recommended for glass materials. Another option for lightweight coverings is fixing with the help of railroad ties. Regarding flooring option, permanent flooring is not preferred as it remains wet for a prolonged duration. Creating a concrete walkway with gravel floor is the best option for greenhouses.

All types of greenhouses require ventilation, air circulation, water irrigation, humidity regulation and pest control. For providing ventilation, simple windows can be created at a specific height of the greenhouse. Small fans can be used for the air circulation purposes; depending on the size of greenhouse, you may need to fix several fans. Regarding irrigation system, you can fix automatic watering systems. After completion of making all these arrangements, you can place plant racks at a particular places inside the greenhouse for keeping container plants.

If there is an extra space, you can attach a small room for storing fertilizers, organic manures and other gardening tools. Building a greenhouse on your own is quite a rewarding task. You will really feel satisfied after you start growing plants in your greenhouse. Irrespective of the climate and outside environmental conditions, you can harvest your favorite vegetables or enjoy the beauty of flowers. One word of advice for growing plants in greenhouse is to isolate any diseased plant, as it can spread easily to the other neighboring plants.

Hydroponic Gardening Tips and Tricks

We have seen many people try hydroponic gardening once or twice and fail, never to try again. The reason usually falls into one of three categories…

  • lack of knowledge– you don’t know how things should be or what you need to do
  • lack of discipline– you know how things should be and you know what needs to be done, but you don’t take the time or put forth the effort
  • lack of ability– you know how things should be, you know what needs to be done, and you are eager to put forth the time and effort… but you do not have necessary hydroponic gardening equipment or supplies

The tips list/explain below will help you identify (and eliminate) problems in your hydroponic garden. Even after reading advice like this myself, it took two years of making mistakes and learning things the hard way before I changed my approach and took these lessons to heart. As a result, I had the most successful garden I ever had. So, follow the tips below to shave years off of your learning curve and skip right to excellent results!

Tips and Tricks – The Short List

  • Know what equipment you need and why
  • Know the nutritional requirements of your plants
  • Know the light/photoperiod requirements of your plants
  • Use a professional three part hydroponic nutrients product
  • Do not use additional nutrient additives your first time
  • Have a written plan/feeding schedule before you start
  • Have all necessary equipment and nutrients before you start
  • Garden indoors when it is 55*F or less outdoors (or use AC)
  • Keep the ballast for your lights in a different room
  • Check and adjust your nutrient reservoir solution every day
  • Minimize light exposure to your nutrient solution
  • Have an extra reservoir of plain water waiting for your next nutrient change
  • Change your water and nutrients completely every two weeks
  • Use a digital timer to control your dark period
  • Keep your dark period completely dark and uninterrupted
  • Clean and sterilize your system between crops
  • Quarantine new plants for two weeks before adding to your garden
  • Do not visit your garden after visiting another garden or being outdoors
  • Do not allow pets in your garden
  • Visit your garden after a shower and a fresh change of clothes
  • Make any visitors to your garden follow these same rules
  • Put a screen or filter over your air intake and exhaust (if outdoors)

Having a Plan

Hydroponic gardening success begins with having a solid plan. Having a plan means knowing your plants nutritional requirements and photoperiod requirements and having the supplies and equipment necessary to meet those needs. Actually having a written week by week feeding schedule, complete with nutrient strengths and nutrient changes, would also be very helpful.

Feeding/Nutrients

Know the nutritional requirements of your plants before you start. Know how strong the nutrients should be each week of your plant’s life, and know what the nutrients should consist of each week. Many plants need more Nitrogen at first, than switch to needing more Phosphorus to produce fruit or flowers.

Do not try to mix up your own plant food. Instead, start with a professional hydroponic nutrients product. These are usually three part systems and are complete (and easy to use). My favorite is BC Nutrients. Once your hydroponic gardening system is up and running and producing excellent results, than you can try mixing up your own special plant food if you like. At least than you will know exactly what the problem is if things don’t work out!

The same is true for using nutrient additives. Don’t try to improve your results by adding a bunch of extra things to your nutrient reservoir (at least not at first). Start by feeding just the basic three part nutrients until your hydroponic gardening system is working smoothly and producing excellent results. Than if you like you can try adding vitamin B1, liquid seaweed, or silica (or all three).

Finally, you need to check and maintain your nutrient reservoir every day. After using the same nutrients for two weeks, you need to start over with fresh water and fresh nutrients. The most beneficial way to do this is to have two nutrient reservoirs, one with nutrient solution for your hydroponic gardening system and one with plain water for your next nutrient solution change. I can’t stress how important this tip is! The second reservoir allows the water to dechlorinate and come to room temperature, both protecting your roots.

Root Health

If roots become damaged, they cannot take up nutrients to feed the plants. Any damage below ground will result in damage above ground as dead leaves and sick plants. Protect your roots by maintaining your nutrient solution properly, by using two hydroponic nutrient reservoirs (one with plain water for your next nutrient change), and by minimizing the amount of light that comes in contact with your nutrient solution. This will prevent algae, which will prevent fungus gnats, which will prevent root damage.

Adequate Lighting

There are very few shortcuts when it comes to lighting an indoor garden. You need a minimum of 40 watts/sq.ft., but 60 watts/sq.ft. would be better. Either high pressure sodium lights or metal halide lights will do a very fine job and are the most popular choices. For various reasons I recommend a 600 watt LED grow light 3w, check out How to choose the correct lighting arrangement for hydroponic gardening.

Controling Temperature

HID lights put out a lot of heat, making temperature an issue in an indoor garden. Placing the ballast for your light outside the grow room will help, but it is not enough. A centrifugal fans or squirrel cage fans are an absolute must, but if you use LED grow light, don’t need to buy an extra fans.

Photoperiod

Many crops require shorter daylight periods to trigger flowering/fruiting. Two keys to success here: First, the lights need to be turned off and back on at exactly the same time each day (tip- use a digital timer!). Second, the plants should be kept in absolute complete UNINTERRUPTED darkness during the dark period. Plants can be extremely sensitive to this, so don’t try to skirt around this. For more info, check out my flower forcing page.

The Right Equipment/Tools

Don’t start your garden unless you have all your bases covered from the beginning. You will need a completely dark area, a high powered fan, an adequate light, a hydroponic gardening system, hydroponic nutrients, an oscillating fan, a TDS meter (or EC meter), a pH test kit, and possibly an air conditioner. Minimum. A thermometer and a digital timer would come in handy too.

How Using Hydroponics in Your Greenhouse Can Produce Excellent Results

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If you have yet to hear about hydroponics, you should know that it simply is a way in which to grow plants without the use of soil. It is truly an amazing method to use inside a greenhouse because it works so well and it means less work for you keeping the soil because there is no soil to treat or worry about.

There have been experiments of growing two identical plants side by side with one using regular soil and the other using hydroponics and the comparison is astounding because the hydroponics plant grows faster, stronger and better than the plant grown in typical soil.

How Using Hydroponics in Your Greenhouse Can Produce Excellent Results

You should probably know that hydroponics is nothing new, even if it is the first time you have heard about it, the practice has been going on for centuries, but recently it has been getting more attention because of the fabulous results many people are having within their greenhouses by implementing the Greenhouse Hydroponics LED Lights system.

One of the reasons is because by using hydroponics, you can control the exact amount of nutrients your plants need in order to grow abundant. There is no waste and the plants are getting exactly what they need and therefore, grow better and stronger than growing them in soil alone.

How does the Hydroponics Work in a Greenhouse?

The easiest way to use hydroponics in a greenhouse is by using a drain and a flood system, which is not difficult to install. The food and drain basically flooding the water where the plant containers are and then draining it back out.

Therefore, it is flooding the plant containers with the nutrients and water and moving it back out. You will need to have a reservoir for the water and a pump so that the water can circulate in and out of the plant containers.

In addition to the drain and flood system, you will of course need the nutrients for the various plants and vegetation you have inside your greenhouse, which are added to the reservoir in the specified amount deemed necessary by the manufacturer. The nice aspect to the nutrients being added to the reservoir is that everything in the greenhouse can be fed from the same food source, so this cuts down on costs as well.

Final Thoughts

The bottom line is that using hydroponics in your greenhouse can be a very rewarding experience because takes all the guesswork out of what your plants needs and gives them exactly what they need, when they needed. What you reap is bigger and better plants and vegetation in a shorter amount of time. The hydroponics systems are definitely becoming more commonplace in greenhouses than several years ago.

90W UFO LED Grow Light for Your Hydroponic Garden

The key to establishing a successful hydroponic garden is to implement proper lighting that will let you grow vegetables, fruits and herbs all year long. Below is a quick review on the benefits of LED grow lights and a special opportunity for a Free Consultation.

LED grow lights have much higher amount of USE-ABLE light per watt than HPS or MH indoor grow lights and they last longer – up to 10 years in fact. Now I am saying that a 90W UFO LED grow light with 2W chip can Equal to 400-600w HPS/MH. In addition, they produce a fraction of the heat of HID setups and therefore do not require cooling fans. The lights only use 20 to 30 percent of the electricity that HID lights use. Above all, LED grow lights do not require other equipment such as ballasts and reflectors like most grow lights do.

There are many different types of LED grow lights and it is very important to choose the best one for your hydroponic garden. One of the most popular ones on the market is the 90W UFO grow light.

Benefits of 90W UFO LED Grow Lights

Uses 90 watts of power that are more intense and result in faster growth rates than HID lights.
Does not produce any heat and will not burn your plants or cause excess evaporation.
All of the light is directed at the plants and the light that is emitted matches the spectrum of light necessary for photosynthesis.
Produces thicker vegetative growth, larger blooms, and increased yields over equivalent HID lights.
Aside from standard red/blue UFO Grow lights, many people prefer to use Tri-band LED grow lights. The benefit of using a Tri-band Spectrum is that the plants absorb the key spectrum of red, blue and orange light. These lights are designed to provide key wavelengths for optimal growth at all stages.

Now, a new addition to the LED Grow Light team is the www.ledgrowlight-hydro.com which offers a red, blue, and orange arrangement with 2 different bands in each of the red and blue spectrum.

To choose the correct 1W chip, 2W chip, 3W chip LED grow light for your plant, you have to determine the needs of your hydroponic garden. Are you growing leafy, short plants or taller, flowering plants? What are the dimensions of your grow space? Would you prefer an all-in-one grow light solution or would you like your color panels separate to allow tweaking during specific stages?

I have been told by a few people that they have experienced less than optimal results from their 1W chip LED grow lights. Without fail the number one reason for failure is that they bought cheap, discount 1W chip LED grow lights that were horribly underpowered.

Don’t worry – I get it. To start out, 3W chip LED grow lights are a bit more expensive than their HID light counterparts, however, that gap is shrinking all the time and is easily recovered (and then some) in reduced electricity bills and by not needing expensive heat removal systems or ballasts. It is easy to gravitate to the less expensive models if you are on a budget but don’t! You will be disappointed.

As a rule, you should never buy an LED grow light unless each LED has an output of 1 Watt. In the above example, you would need only one 300W LED grow light with 3W chip to cover over 45 square feet and it would have the power to penetrate a leafy canopy if growing taller plants.

While some people use natural sunlight, others who want indoor gardens find that one of the best choices for lighting are LED grow lights. They are more economical, energy efficient and can be controlled for best results in your hydroponic garden.

Check out the following to buy a 90W UFO LED grow light with 3W chip

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