Choosing Adequate Hydroponics Grow Lights

Hydroponics, for those of you that may not know, is a system that allows gardeners to grow plants by using water as a substitute for soil. This new system is great for a number of reasons: increased plant yield, reduced growing time, etc. The only thing that is lacking up until this point is an adequate grow light. The options are numerous and it is up to every plant grower to decide which technology is most suitable for his specific needs. Most grow light systems that are used in regular gardens can also be used in hydroponics gardens. Hydroponics as a new type of farming is becoming more and more popular amongst gardeners.

With the help of grow lights gardeners can now use virtually any space to set up a hydroponics garden. Because new grow light technologies have emerged it is now also more profitable to have a hydroponics garden because with LED grow lights users can now save a lot of power. There are numerous other options apart from the LED grow light system, such as incandescent grow lights, fluorescent grow light systems, HID (high intensity discharge) grow light systems, and numerous other. Each of these systems has a category of users it is best suitable for. Fluorescent grow light systems, for example, are most suitable for cuttings and seeds, while incandescent lamps are utilized by people that take hydroponics as a hobby because of the low costs and decent results.

For farmers which view hydroponics as a business the regular way to go would be HID (high intensity discharge) grow lights. These grow lights can vary in power from 100 watts to 1000 watts, depending on the needs of a specific garden. From an environmental point of view, and retaining the most growth for your dollar, the best possible option when it comes to choosing a grow light system for your hydroponics garden, regardless if you view it as a hobby or as a business, is LED grow lights. This system is unmatched neither in performances nor in operation costs by any of its competitors that are available today. Although they do prove to have higher acquisition costs than other technologies, LED grow light systems are immensely cheaper to operate when compared to the competition.

With a lifespan of over 100,000 hours of operating hours on average, LED grow light systems last over 50 times more than other grow light systems. Also, those passionate about taking care of the environment should know that LED grow light systems as opposed to, fluorescent grow lights for example, do not contain mercury or any other harmful chemicals and are completely safe to dispose of. With significantly lower power consumption and a greater light emission efficiency, LED grow light systems have proven to be the most efficient grow light systems for the hydroponics sector.

Hydroponics Gardening With LED Grow Lights

It’s a well known fact that hydroponics gardening requires grow lights. Choosing a powerful grow lamp to light the plants properly in order for photosynthesis to occur and for the plants to grow and thrive is the key to success. Lighting is crucial to every kind of indoor gardening situation, because without adequate light, the plants will be stunted and not grow to their full potential. LED grow lights can be used to good effect in an indoor plant growing situation.

LED refers to light-emitting diode. A diode has two terminals, and it allows current to flow in one direction and not in another. It is a simple semiconductor.

Photons are units of light. Atoms contain photons, and it is the photons that produce light. They produce light when electrons move around and change positions. Electrical current, in an LED lamp, flows across the diode, and when this happens, it causes a change in the movement of the electrons. The positively-charged electrons will move in the opposite direction from the negatively-charged electrons. A semiconductor is made more conductive to electrical flow when free electrons are added to the conductor material, creating negatively charged areas, or when they are taken away, leaving gaps in the chain, and positively charged areas. Electrical current flows over these areas, and it causes the electrons to move. The side effect of all this movement is the production of light.

The color of the light emitted by these types of grow lamps is based on the size of the gap in the electron chain. The gap size affects the frequency of the photon, and this is why it has an impact on the color of the light produced. Low-frequency light produced by an LED light is used to light remote controls for one of many common examples, because it it infrared light.

If you are growing plants indoors, then the color of the light that your grow light emits is quite vital to your plants’ health. Young plants at the seedling stage require blue light in order to grow properly. Mature plants, such as a flowering or fruiting plants, require red and orange light in order to get the plants to produce the flowers and fruit that you want. All of this is dependent on the light that you use with your plants. LED lamps come in a wide variety of colors, so it is easy to get the exact grow lamps you need in order to get the results you want from your indoor plants.

The advantage to using LED lights is that they do not get hot as they are in operation, and they also do not have a filament, which you find in incandescent light bulbs, so they often have a longer productive life because of this.

Growing Plants Without Soil: the Practice of Hydroponics

The growing of plants without soil is called Hydroponics. It is widely used to grow lush, healthy indoor plants and good quality vegetables, fruits and herbs. Plants absorb nutrients as simple ions in water. The nutrients in the soil dissolve in water and the plant roots absorb them. When the plants get adequate nutrients, the soil is no longer required for the plant to thrive. With the use of proper nutrients and the right artificial light source, an indoor gardener can achieve amazing results. A complete controlled environmental agriculture system should have controlled light, temperature, water, CO2, oxygen, pH and nutrients.

Hydroponics is simple and efficient. On alternate days a pH check is done and the water level is topped up. The nutrient is changed every 7 – 12 days. To turn the light and garden on and off automatically, a timer is often used. Amongst the different forms of Hydroponics, deep water is the purest form since the roots are directly exposed to the nutrient solution. “Deep Water” systems use a small air pump to keep the solution well oxygenated.

Another method of Hydroponics is the Ebb & Flow or Flooding & Draining systems. The root system and growing mediums like Rockwool are soaked at specific intervals. The Ebb & Flow method makes it easier to cultivate plants in minimal space. In Deep Water Culture (DWC), the roots are allowed to drop down into an aerated nutrient solution. This solution is aerated with the help of standard aquarium pumps and sir stones. The solution must be topped up from time to time. Drip feeding is similar to Ebb & Flow, except that the pump delivers a continuous tickle of nutrients and water. The emitters run 5 to 10 minutes every hour.

Another method of Hydroponics is Wick feeding, where the plant draws water with the help of a wick which runs from the base of the plant container to a bottle of nutrient feed solution. Through capillary action, the solution travels up to the plant through the wick. In Raft cultivation, plants are inserted inside sheets of expanded polystyrene with the roots hanging down through the holes. The sheet is then floated in a shallow tank of nutrient solution. In Nutrient film technique (NFT), the plants grow through light-proof plastic films placed over shallow, gently sloping channels. The roots grow into dense mats with a thin film of nutrients passing over them. Aeroponics is a class of Hydroponics where the roots of a plant are suspended in a midst or fog of nutrient rich solution.

Different media are used for Hydroponics. Expanded clay, Rockwool, Coco coir, Perlite, Vermiculite and Oasis root cubes are some of them. Due to constant problems of chemicals and other contaminants in the food supply, people are looking for a safer alternative. Hydroponics fits the requirement appropriately.

Grow Lights Benefiting Hydroponic plant cultivation In Many Ways

Proper lighting is a vital part of the Hydroponic plant cultivation system. Aside from nutrients and water, a significant amount of lighting is just as important. Well, this is because, as we all are aware of the fact is plants also take in nutrients by a process known as photosynthesis. In the absence of light, it is not easy for it to flourish. Apart from this, plants also demand for light with distinct wavelengths to grow and mature properly. This basically includes plants grown for flowers and fruits as well. There are varied certain different options when it comes to proper lighting. The following part of the article will deal with LED grow lights. They are also known as light emitting diode lamps.

Out of a wide range of lighting alternatives available for hydroponics, LED grow lights are the newest and widely popular addition to the family. The fact is that the engineering behind these lamps has enhanced greatly over the last few years. There could be no denying to this fact that it gained acceptance shortly with growers because of its effectiveness. One of the most popular reasons for this is because these sorts of lamps emit a broad spectrum in wave length and produce small amounts of heat, in relation to the amount of light generated. In addition to this, LED lights are very long lasting and will last a long time. The truth is that the commonly heard complaint about them is the higher initial purchase cost. However, this cost is more than made up by its durability and efficiency.

LED lights are heralded as some of the most efficient and widely recognized grow lights available in the market today. Compared to the ancient incandescent bulbs, they are nearly 70 % more efficient. In actual, this means that you will be able to replace a 60-70 watt bulb with these advanced lamps that are only around 8-10 watts. As far as the coloring of the light is concerned, LED lights can easily suit color with any of the other alternatives. On a final note, lighting actually needs depends on the plant. More to the point, some plants need more light than others. LED’s are available in several levels of wattage based on your requirements.

In order to stimulate flowering and fruit production, the plant basically needs violet-blue light. In fact, the grower actually needs to understand is that LED grow lights can be engineered so as to meet both of these requirements.

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Hydroponic For Growing Tomatoes

growing tomatoes indoors hydroponic

Tomatoes are one of the best known crops in the world, and that classification makes it a high value product. Tomatoes have been produced hydroponically for sometime now. This article will trace some of the advantages of producing tomatoes with the hydroponics farming system. Hydroponics is a soil-less farming approach designed for healthier, cheaper and ultimately surplus crop production. It requires a technical assembly that shields the crops from pesticides infection, and from the harshness of the weather. or healthier farming experience. Tomatoes are naturally easy to cultivate, because they are able to survive in abusive environment.

The economics of growing without soil

So it makes economic sense to employ hydroponics technology in tomato production, because it enhances the natural strength inherent in tomatoes. On natural environments tomatoes would mature to fruition and be harvested in about 4 months, but hydroponics can reduce that period of time significantly. It is possible to have a multi-harvesting season when adequate care is paid to the tomatoes.

With daily care and regular nutrition the potential for continuous year round production is entirely practical. Because of the enormous advantage of hydroponics over soil production, tomatoes cultivated by hydroponics are found to be bigger and sumptuous, and naturally more flavorful. Since nutrition is better focused, and directly applied to the crop, the result is superior product, entirely. With proportional amount of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium fertilizers, the farmer could expect a high return in investment. Since all of the soil pathogens are effectively eliminated by indoor farming, the potential for high return could easily double.

Though the operation may be expensive to initiate, but the most encouraging aspect of it is that some consumers are willing to pay up to three times the regular price of tomatoes in order to experience the special flavor found in home grown (hydroponics) products. And for an individual who is simply interested in growing to satisfy a need for that great taste, it may not cost very much to start a small home operation, and that individual retains the option to grow at any period of the year.

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