- LED’s produce low amounts of heat so they will not burn your plants. You can choose to move the lights closer to the plants. Closer lights means more light getting to your plants at a higher intensity.
- Low Heat means less heat stress for your plants which ensure maximum fruit, flower and bud production.
- Low heat produced by the LED lights also means less ventilation and lower air conditioning bills. Watch and adjust your room temperatures as you start using LED lamps.
- LED’s produce the exact bandwidths plants need to grow, flower and produce fruit. Three colors are key to growth which are blue, orange and red at a ratio of 1:1:7 respectively. This technology was originally developed by NASA for use on space missions so the Astronauts could efficiently grow food.
- LED grow lights provide your garden the same amount of usable light and use about a third of the electricity. A 600 watt commercial series LED grow light is equal to about 1600 to 1800 watts of HID lighting. This same light only uses 5 amps to produce that amount of light. A 1000 HID light in comparison uses 15 amps of electricity.
- If you are feeding your plants on a regular schedule with a high quality fertilizer be prepared to tweak fertilizer levels because of the lower stress and heat levels. Plants will use less nutrients for better results.
Being knowledgeable about your LED Grow Light.
- Hang your light in a safe fashion. Use quality hooks and parts to attached into building structure.
- Do not get your light wet. Similar to all other lights water is not your friend.
- Read the instructions and send in your warranty card (or do it online).
- Use a quality light timer rated correctly for the size light(s) you are using.
- Use a surge protector on your light. Rare surges in power lines can happen.
- LED’s can be used for shorter photo periods in some cases. Plants need darkness and rest to grow the next day.
- Do not obstruct ventilation openings on the LED Grow Light. Let it breathe.
- Keep your light(s) clean and occasionally check your fans for dust. Canned air is helpful.
Hydroponics means growing plants without soil, using nutrient-enriched water instead. For the home grower, hydroponics is inexpensive and requires less space than a traditional garden, so it works well anywhere. There are a range of ways to grow fruits and vegetables hydroponically. A deep water hydroponics system is easy and cheap to make at home.
Make six holes in the lid of the plastic storage container with the 1 3/4 inch hole saw. There should be at least 1 inch between each hole.
Drill a 3/8 inch hole into one side of the container using the hand drill. The hole should be about one inch from the rim. Fill the container with water and keep it at least 1 inch below the drilled hole.
Mix a nutrient-rich hydroponic formula into the water. Follow the instructions that come with the formula to mix the proper ratio of water to formula.
Run the black air hose through the hole. Plug the hose into the blue bar air stone and submerge the air stone in the water. A blue bar air stone is a piece of equipment generally used for a fish tank: it creates bubbles and makes the water more oxygenated. To prevent flooding, make sure the water level is above the hole where the hose is running through.
Connect the air pump to the open end of the black air hose (the part that is outside of the plastic storage container). An air pump is connected to the blue bar air stone and feeds the air into it through the black air hose. It is important for hydroponics that the air hose is black because it keeps the light out and prevents algae from growing. Preventing algae is also the reason why it is important to have an opaque storage container.
Plug the air pump into an electrical outlet. There should be bubbles in the water coming from the blue bar air stone.
Prepare 4-to 6-inch cuttings from the seedlings (young plants available from a garden store or nursery). Make the cut at the point where the seedling splits into two stems or at the base where its two biggest leaves are growing out of the stem. Make sure the cuttings are long enough to fit into the cloner and still allow the bottom of the stem to be submerged 1/8 inch into the water. The cuttings will be cloned into new plants, using the hydroponic system to develop their own root system.
Insert the cuttings into the foam cylinder inserts, which are cut to allow them to open into a “C” shape. Fit the inserts into the holes drilled in the lid of the container. The cutting is set into the center of the cylinder, and the foam closes back around it, securing the cutting in place. Roots will start growing from the cutting within the first week.
Tips: LED grow lights are substantially more energy efficient and instead wasting energy by producing high heat like conventional grow lights, the energy is instead directed to the plant in the form of light. In fact, LED’s work so well that NASA uses LED technology to grow plants in space. There are no ballasts or reflectors needed nor does it need any cooling and ventilation equipment as with HPS or Metal Halide lights. It works right out of the box! Also available in: bright white (6500K) for fantastic task or room lighting. The Red+Blue+Orange+White UFO LED outshines any 400W commercial light fixture and is 5 times more efficient than HID lighting.
LED grow lights are compact lights used specifically for growing plants indoors or in greenhouses. These lights are extremely energy-efficient and portable, and are an attractive alternative to the more expensive and heat-producing HID (high-intensity discharge) lamps. Due to the compact size and low energy consumption, 3w LED grow lights are used for both large-scale experimental purposes and production to the amateur home gardener preparing for spring transplanting.
About LED Grow Lights
LED grow lights are electric lights comprised of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). These lights provide an electromagnetic color spectrum specially suited for growing plants indoors. LED grow lights mimic the bluish color of natural sunlight, and provide green plants with the light necessary for the process of photosynthesis. Moreover, LEDs do not emit as much heat as sunlight and other forms of lights, and therefore plants grown under LED grow lights require less water.
The Invention and Development of LED Lights
The LED, or light-emitting diode, was invented by Nick Holonyak, Jr., in 1962. Holonyak was a scientist at General Electric in Syracuse, NY, where he developed a method of synthesizing crystals to produce the red visible spectrum. LED technology has blossomed into a diversity of colors and uses: for multifaceted billboards in large cities; for traffic lights and vehicle brake lights; for grow lights for greenhouses and amateur gardeners; and as a revolutionary medical treatment for cancers and ulcers.
LED Grow Lights vs. Other Grow Lights
600w LED grow lights efficiently provide light in the spectrum most beneficial for growing plants. While grow lights may also use incandescent or fluorescent light bulbs, the LED grow light is unique. It produces much less heat that the other lights, and boasts a longer life cycle while consuming less energy. However, LED grow lights are usually more expensive to purchase than its incandescent and fluorescent counterparts, due to the complexity of the LED light circuitry.
The Large-Scale Use of LED Grow Lights
LED grow lights are used for industrial food production and in hydroponics, the method of growing plants without a soil-based growing medium. LED grow lights are used by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to grow plants on the International Space Station for experimental purposes, and to provide astronauts and space scientists with fresh food.
Home Use of LED Grow Lights
LED grow lights are perfect for small scale, home gardening projects. The lights are small and energy-efficient, and therefore consume little space and electricity. Plants transpire less under LED lights, and therefore require less water. LED lights are lightweight and easily portable. Moreover, indoor LED grow lights allow gardeners to cultivate plants during winter, or get an early start to the growing season by growing seedlings indoors.
LED grow lights, or Light-Emitting Diode lamps, are an increasingly popular choice for indoor plant growing principally because they can deliver more intense light output with less energy and heat production, and they have a much longer useful life than that of high pressure sodium, fluorescent, high-intensity discharge or incandescent lamps. Most grow lamps are used commercially and industrially, but some residential use occurs. LEDs are made in several colors to mimic the ranges of natural sunlight that drive maximum photosynthesis and plant performance. LED grow lights are also popular because they can be used in standard bulb fittings and do not require special ballasts or non-standard electrical fixtures. LEDs come in 2-watt to 15-watt equivalents and in a range of sizes and colors.
Determine the optimal lighting requirements for your particular plant or plants to thrive if they were living outdoors. Figure out the intensity of light and for how many hours a day it is needed. Often this information is on the plant tag or little plastic pick stuck in the soil of your plant. Online garden resources can help you make the determination if your plant is unmarked. This is what you need to mimic indoors with LEDs. If your plants grow outdoors in shade they need less light indoors. If they are vegetables and grow in full sun for 14 hours per day outdoors then that is the bar you must meet in order for the plant to thrive indoors.
Provide a mix of red spectrum and blue spectrum LEDs. Plant photosynthesis is most responsive to these two spectrums. According to research conducted by NASA, mixing at least 80 percent red LEDs and roughly 20 percent blue LEDs is a successful ratio for growing plants indoors. You can easily switch out a few of the blue LEDs for white without harming the plant growth. This will allow you to see what’s happening with your plants much more readily because white LEDs have a spectrum of green, yellow and orange, which is more easily visible to the human eye.
Adjust your LEDs to hang above your plant tops by anywhere from 5 inches to 20 inches, according to the plant’s size and light intensity requirements. Your goal is to have the plant greens showered in light to their edges but not have the light spill or be wasted on surrounding areas where there are no plants. Height adjustment of lighting helps achieve this economy as plants grow, changing in both shape and size.
Determine if your plants require light and dark periods. If so, connect your LED lights to a timer to regulate their on and off cycles to save you time, worry and labor. If your plants prefer long daylight periods and short night periods, program the automatic timer for that length of light cycle.
An LED lamp (LED light bulb) is a solid-state lamp that uses light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as the source of light. The LEDs involved may be conventional semiconductor light-emitting diodes, to organic LEDs (OLED), or polymer light-emitting diodes (PLED) devices, although OLED and PLED technologies are not currently commercially available.
Since the light output of individual light-emitting diodes is small compared to incandescent and compact fluorescent lamps, multiple diodes are often used together. In recent years, as diode technology has improved, high power light-emitting diodes with higher lumen output are making it possible to replace other lamps with LED lamps. One high power LED chip used in some commercial LED lights can emit 7,527 lumens while using only 100 watts. LED lamps can be made interchangeable with other types of lamps.
Diodes use direct current (DC) electrical power, so LED lamps must also include internal circuits to operate from standard AC voltage. LEDs are damaged by being run at higher temperatures, so LED lamps typically include heat management elements such as heat sinks and cooling fins. LED lamps offer long service life and high energy efficiency, but initial costs are higher than those of fluorescent lamps.
White LED lamps have achieved market dominance in applications where high efficiency is important at low power levels. Some of these applications include flashlights, solar-powered garden or walkway lights, and bicycle lights. Monochromatic (colored) LED lamps are now commercially used for traffic signal lamps, where the ability to emit bright monochromatic light is a desired feature, and in strings of holiday lights.
LED lights have also become very popular in gardening and agriculture by 2010. First used by NASA to grow plants in space, LEDs came into use for home and commercial applications for indoor horticulture (aka grow lights). The wavelengths of light emitted from LED lamps have been specifically tailored to supply light in the spectral range needed for chlorophyll absorption in plants, promoting growth while reducing wastage of energy by emitting minimal light at wavelengths that plants do not require. The red and blue wavelengths of the visible light spectrum are used for photosynthesis, so these are the colors almost always used in LED grow light panels. These lights are attractive to indoor growers since they use less power than other types for the same light intensity, need no ballasts, and emit much less heat than HID lamps. The reduction in heat allows time between watering cycles to be extended because the plants transpire less under LED grow lights. Due to this change in growth conditions, users of LEDs are advised not to over-water the plants.