LED Grow Lights Helpful Hints for Medical Marijuana Growers

  • LED’s produce low amounts of heat so they will not burn your plants. You can choose to move the lights closer to the plants. Closer lights means more light getting to your plants at a higher intensity.
  • Low Heat means less heat stress for your plants which ensure maximum fruit, flower and bud production.
  • Low heat produced by the LED lights also means less ventilation and lower air conditioning bills. Watch and adjust your room temperatures as you start using LED lamps.
  • LED’s produce the exact bandwidths plants need to grow, flower and produce fruit. Three colors are key to growth which are blue, orange and red at a ratio of 1:1:7 respectively. This technology was originally developed by NASA for use on space missions so the Astronauts could efficiently grow food.
  • LED grow lights provide your garden the same amount of usable light and use about a third of the electricity. A 600 watt commercial series LED grow light is equal to about 1600 to 1800 watts of HID lighting. This same light only uses 5 amps to produce that amount of light. A 1000 HID light in comparison uses 15 amps of electricity.
  • If you are feeding your plants on a regular schedule with a high quality fertilizer be prepared to tweak fertilizer levels because of the lower stress and heat levels. Plants will use less nutrients for better results.

 

Being knowledgeable about your LED Grow Light.

  • Hang your light in a safe fashion. Use quality hooks and parts to attached into building structure.
  • Do not get your light wet. Similar to all other lights water is not your friend.
  • Read the instructions and send in your warranty card (or do it online).
  • Use a quality light timer rated correctly for the size light(s) you are using.
  • Use a surge protector on your light. Rare surges in power lines can happen.
  • LED’s can be used for shorter photo periods in some cases. Plants need darkness and rest to grow the next day.
  • Do not obstruct ventilation openings on the LED Grow Light. Let it breathe.
  • Keep your light(s) clean and occasionally check your fans for dust. Canned air is helpful.

A list of some of the fast growing plant seeds

For many it’s a frustrating wait to see the plants of their garden grow. Today, most homeowners are impatient and they want the plants in the garden to grow as soon as possible. This long wait is set to get shorter with the number of fast growing seeds being available in the market. If you plant these seeds, there are a few things you have to keep in mind like, the climatic conditions, time of the year, etc. Here we give you a list of fast growing plant seeds, be it flowers, trees, grass or vegetables, which you can use and make your an ecstatic look.

Fast Growing Flower Seeds

Flowers can give your garden a sweet fragrance and make it look pleasing to the eyes. But some flowers can take a long time to grow and can be baffling. Here is a list of some common flowers which grow fast.

Calendula
Also called pot marigolds, calendula flowers are deep orange to light yellow in color. They start blooming during early summer and blooms till the time frost arrives. These plants are low, compact, self-seeding and about 20 inches tall. Once planted, it takes about 5 days to about 15 days for the seeds to germinate. As it’s a cool season plant, it can be planted indoors to start with about 7 weeks before the last frost after which you can plant it outdoors. While planting calendula make sure that the plant receives ample sunshine.

California Poppy
This variety of fast growing plant seeds, which produces flowers, was first discovered by Dr. Johann Friedrich Eschscholtz on the Pacific coast. California poppies displays lively colors and are long lasting. They are self seeding plants and can grow to about 12 to 16 inches in length. They grow well in full sunshine and can tolerate poor soil conditions. It is preferred to directly seed them, as disturbing the root system may harm the plant. Early spring is the best time to sow them as the soil still remains cool. Once sowed, the seeds usually germinate within the next 10 to 15 days.

Snapdragon
The snapdragon flower ranges from vibrant oranges and reds to pale pastels in color and are one of the most popular flowers for fragrance and cuttings. Ingenuous to Mediterranean and southern Europe, the plants grow to about 1 to 3 feet in length and are self seeding annual plants. These flowers flourish in cool climates of the latter half of spring and grow best in well-drained soil. If the temperatures are high for longer periods of time, these plants would not flourish. These plants may grow from seeds or cuttings. If you plant them from seeds, you should first plant them indoors about 8 weeks before the end of frost and you would see the seeds germinating in the next 10 to 20 days.

Morning Glory
The morning glory flower is known for its bright colors, like purple, red, pink and blue. It’s a vine plant and is commonly found around old fences. If proper support is provided, they grow to around 15 feet in length and are self seeing annual plants. You should choose a site where there is ample sunshine along with moist soil. The seeds of these plants germinate within 5 to 21 days, but they should be soaked in warm water for getting the best results. Read more on grass seed germination and when to plant grass seed.

Fast Growing Tree Seeds

Trees take a lot of time to grow. But there are some fast growing trees some of which are mentioned below:

Weeping Willow
The seeds of weeping willow tree are one of the fastest growing seeds. If provided with the ideal climatic conditions, the seeds can germinate within 10 to 15 days and grows by as much as 8 to 10 feet every year. The branches are slender and narrow, and the leaves becomes rich golden in color during autumn. The thick bark of this tree makes it pleasing to the eye especially during winter months when the leaves are no more. The tree thrives in dry as well as moist locations and mostly grow along river banks. Read more on fast growing evergreen trees.

Silver Maple
The seeds of silver maple – one of the fastest growing trees – may take anywhere between 15 days to two months to germinate depending on the climatic conditions. If provided with the ideal climatic conditions, it can grow up to 3 feet each year. Silver maple gets its name from its foliage which has a silvery bottom, and it turns orange-red or golden yellow in fall.

Eucalyptus
Eucalypts is one of those varieties of trees which if left to grow on their own would grow to more than 50 feet in height. However, they can respond to different environmental conditions and have the capacity to grow in any soil. At an average, it generally takes about 2 weeks for the seeds to germinate, but that depends on the surrounding temperature. Some may take more time to germinate while others may take less. Read more on fast growing shade trees.

Fast Growing Grass Seeds

If you want to increase the appeal of your lawn and want that fast, you can choose from a variety of fast growing grass seeds. Some of the most common fast growing grass varieties are Perennial ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue and bermuda grass. Let’s take a look at each of them.

Perennial Ryegrass
This variety of grass is fine textured and deep green in color. They can grow as fast as within a week or two if the ideal climatic conditions are provided. It grows well in cool climes but does not grow well in extreme cold or hot climatic conditions.

Kentucky Bluegrass
Growing well in cool climate, Kentucky bluegrass is blueish green in color and it takes about 10 to 22 days to germinate. The ideal temperature for Kentucky bluegrass is about 60 °F.

Tall Fescue
Requiring very little maintenance, shady places are the best areas for growing tall fescues. Usually this variety of grass grows within two weeks and can tolerate drought. Read more onfast growing privacy hedges and fast growing hedges.

Bermuda Grass
Bermuda grass, one of the most common fast growing grass seeds, can grow in any climatic conditions, whether warm or cold. Usually grown in warm climatic conditions, this variety grows within 21 days and extensively used in golf courses, sports fields, pastures, coastal areas and lawns today. More on fast growing grass and grass seed types.

Fast Growing Vegetable Seeds

If you want to grow some vegetables and have them fast, here is a list of some of the most common vegetable seeds which can grow fast.

Edible Amaranth
One of the most common vegetables, the edible amaranth grows so fast, if given the required surroundings (especially warm conditions), that it can be harvested within a month. The seeds are small and ideally, the temperature should be more than 20°C. The young leaves and stems are edible and can be cooked similar to spinach. Due to its tender leaves and soft texture you can also use it in soups and stir-frys.

Grand Duke
The seeds of grand duke are high-yielding and it is a hybrid of white kohlrabi. They mature around 50 days after being transplanted. They can be grated, sliced or peeled and cooked like turnips. You may place the seeds in the outdoor garden when the outside temperature is still cold. Within the next 5 to 7 days the seeds would begin sprouting.

Mino Early
A favorite vegetable of most people, mino early commonly called Japanese Daikon radish is mostly planted in the summer months and they take about 40 days after sowing to mature. Pure white in color, the root tapers and is about 18 to 24 inches long.

 

Fast Growing Seeds for Science Project

For students of botany, science projects where plants are used to provide some valuable experience are a common phenomena. For such projects, the two important things to consider are the choice of seeds and the amount of money you would have to spend. Some of the most common seeds that are used in gardening which you can opt to use include alfalfa, broccoli and sunflower. These seeds can be used to exemplify the effects of sunlight and water on germination. They sprout quickly and can be observed by placing them on a piece of moist paper towel so that you can get an idea of the parts of the budding plant.

Thus in today’s fast paced world where everyone wants fast results, fast growing seeds have become popular so as to get instant results. So plant any of these fast growing plant seeds and spice up your garden.

Plants in the Hydroponic System Water Q&A

Rix Dobbs shows the roots of a lettuce plant g...

Image via Wikipedia

Q: I have a NFT hydroponic system. I can’t seem to find away to stop the plug (in which I started the seed off in) from sitting in the flow of water. Please can you help?

A: Some moisture in the transplant plug is usually desirable to prevent the roots in the plug from dying. However, some plants do not like to be fully submerged in standing water. Depending on how deep the nutrient solution is in the channels of your hydroponic system, you have a few different possible solutions.

One idea is to use very small netted pots. The strategy here is to place a seed (or clone) into the transplant plug, then to place the plug directly into a netted pot just big enough to hold the transplant plug. You want to do all of this before your seed (or clone) grows any roots. Once you see the first sign of roots, you want to place the netted pots into your hydroponic system. Ideally, the very bottom of the plug come into contact with the nutrient solution just a little bit. This allows the plug to “wick up” the moisture it needs until it can grow roots down into the bottom of your channels.

Another strategy is similar to above, except the plugs are suspended an inch or more above the nutrient solution (usually because of the design of the system). In this case, you may want to consider adding a drip system. This will provide enough moisture to each transplant plug until your plants have the opportunity to grow roots down into your system.

If the nutrient solution is shallow (about 1/2- 1 inch deep) you may want to consider anchoring your transplant plugs into 3″ netted pots with a few clay pellets, then sitting the netted pots down into the channels of your hydroponic system. In this strategy, the netted pots sit right down on the bottom, but the re-circulating water is very shallow and therefore stays well oxygenated. The pots also can wick up the moisture they need until they can grow roots down into the system. With a little modification to your system, the netted pots can even be lifted out of the standing water and suspended above the nutrient solution once there is significant root growth.

Lastly, many plants will tolerate being grown straight in standing water. Even plants that prefer fast draining soil will grow well in these conditions, as long as an effort is made to keep the nutrient solution well oxygenated and to keep the temperature of the nutrient solution between 68 and 72 degrees. This is true with my most successful hydroponic system. The whole strategy can be found at the link above, and the system works very well with tomatoes, peppers, lettuce, herbs, spinach, and many other plants. I hope this helps you out, and Happy Growing!

Planning your Medical Marijuana Grow Room

You will need to think about the following equipment to get a grow room up and going.

  • Growing medium;
  • Reservoir tank and water;
  • Grow systems;
  • Final plant size – how big do you want these ladies to be?
  • Lighting, type and distance between the lights and the plants;
  • Fans and air control including ventilation;
  • Power outlets, timers, and meters (temperature, EC and pH);
  • Room to work around the growth.

Spend some time planning your marijuana grow room in advance. A well planned grow room will be easier to work in and leaves less room for costly mistakes and accidents. Any space that can be made into an enclosed, lightproof environment will be suitable; from a whole garage or attic, down to a cupboard or even a tented off area of your room. But remember that you will need ventilation and space around the plants to tend to them.

Ideally, you should have at least 6ft (1.83cm) of headroom and easy access to power sockets. You can grow in smaller spaces but you will need to train your plants downwards on wires on a daily basis as they grow quickly under lights.

Think about discretion. Fans, bright lights(ie 600w LED) and pumps can sometimes attract unwanted attention and so should be kept away from neighbours or living accommodation where they may prove a nuisance. It is also important to think about odours. You’re burgeoning crop may begin to smell quite strongly, even from outside your house or flat. More information on eliminating odours can be found here.

Safety is a crucial consideration when planning the growing environment. Electricity and water don’t mix. Keep all electric appliances away from water and up off the floor in case of flooding. Before starting to grow, double check all timers, pipes, leads and electrical connections. It is usually a good idea to buy new gear but well inspected used gear can save you a lot of money. We would always buy new LED grow lights though as they do have a longer life expectancy and old traditional grow lights can offer poor results.

Give the whole system a dummy run first to be sure that there have been no errors in setting up. Watch that reservoir systems do not overfill on to the floor, that light does not escape the room and that the temperature does not fluctuate or get too hot or cold in the air and the reservoir. Remember to keep a fire extinguisher to hand in the grow room. I am not joking.

Hydroponics Feeding Tips

How to grow hydro is really about how to maintain your nutrient reservoir. After all, there is nothing you can do to MAKE your plants grow. You can only provide all the best conditions, sit back, and let plant growth happen.

Assume your plants are getting enough light and air and are kept at a good temperature. Plant growth will happen (often quickly) as long as you provide the best conditions in the nutrient solution (everyday).

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Beginning Water Quality

Learning how to grow hydro starts with your beginning water quality. Check your tap water with a TDS meter. Anything over 200 ppm and you should probably use a reverse osmosis filter, or else use bottled spring water. While not necessary, it’s not a bad idea to treat your water using hydrogen peroxide.

If you really want to complicate things, you can get a complete water test. In this case, you can use tap water with up to 300 ppm as long as no more than 150 ppm of the total is from calcium or calcium carbonate and sodium.

How to Grow Hydro with Additives and Supplements

Through the water, the plants will receive all of their food. This water needs to contain primary nutrients (N-P-K), secondary nutrients (calcium, magnesium, iron, sulfur), and all trace nutrients. I recommend using a professional hydroponic nutrient product for this.

In addition to regular food, there are a few additives that make a huge difference in the healthy development of your plants. These are vitamins (like Thrive Alive B1), trace nutrient supplements (like Maxicrop liquid seaweed), and plant hormones (in any type of seaweed). Another useful additive is silica, which is used to boost the immune system of plants.

Many expert gardening articles I have read by people who know how to grow hydro recommend adding Thrive Alive B1 and Maxicrop to every drop of water you give your plants. Use 10 ml (2 tsp) per gallon of each. If you are using a seaweed based fertilizer, it is not necessary to add liquid seaweed.

Nutrient Solution Ph

If you want to learn how to grow hydro well, you must know about Ph. The nutrients are only good to the plants if the Ph is right. The maximum nutrients are available to the plants in a Ph range of 5.5 to 6.5. In hydroponics, the nutrients are often kept at about 5.5 because the plants absorb the nutrients slightly more quickly at this Ph.

Also, the natural tendency is for the Ph to creep up over time, and so it is your natural tendency to adjust the Ph down to the low end of the range when you make an adjustment.

Nutrient Solution Strength

People that know how to grow hydro use a total dissolved salts (TDS) meter or an electrical conductivity (EC) meter to tell how strong or how weak the nutrient solution is. The ideal strength of your nutrient solution depends on what type of plants you are growing, and also what stage of the plant life cycle they are in. Check this section out to find out what strength to keep your nutrient solution.

Maintaining your Nutrient Solution

In a ten gallon reservoir, you will need to check the strength (TDS or EC) and the Ph of your solution twice a day. With a larger reservoir, the changes in the nutrient solution take more time. I would still recommend you check your nutrient solution once a day, no matter what size reservoir you have. People that know how to grow hydro usually use a larger reservoir.

If the Ph is up, than add some Ph down. It is a good idea to check the Ph first, because the addition of Ph down will change the strength of your solution a little (TDS or EC).

If the nutrient strength is a little weak, add a little fertilizer. If the nutrient strength is a little high, add plain water. It is a good idea to let water sit out overnight in an uncovered container. This lets the water dechlorinate, and also lets the water become room temperature. Adding cold water will shock the roots, causing root damage as well as above ground damage.

Change it Every Two Weeks

After two weeks of using the same nutrient solution, it is time for a nutrient change. The plants may have been using some nutrients more than others, and now you might be heading for a nutrient imbalance. Keep an extra nutrient reservoir full of plain water waiting for your next nutrient solution change. This ensures you will have dechlorinated, room temperature water that will not damage your plant’s roots.

It is a good idea to run a tank full of plain water (or 1/4 strength nutrient solution) for a day in between nutrient changes, to flush out any nutrient buildup. Some experienced gardeners do this every four weeks, or every other nutrient change. During every nutrient change, consider using hydrogen peroxide to keep things clean and healthy.

The Final Tweak

Once you have a simple feeding plan that is working well, you can try to maximize your results. The best advice here is to make small changes, one at a time, and to let each change show its effects before making another change. Sometimes this will mean waiting two weeks, other times it may mean waiting a whole crop cycle for the results.

The Final Flush

Pros that know how to grow hydro usually do a final flush just before harvest. This can be done by replacing the nutrient solution with plain water for the last 7 to 10 days. It will help if you change the water each day with fresh, plain water for these last few days.

Flushing the crop helps remove any fertilizers in the plant tissue. Flushing will improve the flavor and aroma of the produce in your garden.

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