Growing Plants Without Soil: the Practice of Hydroponics

The growing of plants without soil is called Hydroponics. It is widely used to grow lush, healthy indoor plants and good quality vegetables, fruits and herbs. Plants absorb nutrients as simple ions in water. The nutrients in the soil dissolve in water and the plant roots absorb them. When the plants get adequate nutrients, the soil is no longer required for the plant to thrive. With the use of proper nutrients and the right artificial light source, an indoor gardener can achieve amazing results. A complete controlled environmental agriculture system should have controlled light, temperature, water, CO2, oxygen, pH and nutrients.

Hydroponics is simple and efficient. On alternate days a pH check is done and the water level is topped up. The nutrient is changed every 7 – 12 days. To turn the light and garden on and off automatically, a timer is often used. Amongst the different forms of Hydroponics, deep water is the purest form since the roots are directly exposed to the nutrient solution. “Deep Water” systems use a small air pump to keep the solution well oxygenated.

Another method of Hydroponics is the Ebb & Flow or Flooding & Draining systems. The root system and growing mediums like Rockwool are soaked at specific intervals. The Ebb & Flow method makes it easier to cultivate plants in minimal space. In Deep Water Culture (DWC), the roots are allowed to drop down into an aerated nutrient solution. This solution is aerated with the help of standard aquarium pumps and sir stones. The solution must be topped up from time to time. Drip feeding is similar to Ebb & Flow, except that the pump delivers a continuous tickle of nutrients and water. The emitters run 5 to 10 minutes every hour.

Another method of Hydroponics is Wick feeding, where the plant draws water with the help of a wick which runs from the base of the plant container to a bottle of nutrient feed solution. Through capillary action, the solution travels up to the plant through the wick. In Raft cultivation, plants are inserted inside sheets of expanded polystyrene with the roots hanging down through the holes. The sheet is then floated in a shallow tank of nutrient solution. In Nutrient film technique (NFT), the plants grow through light-proof plastic films placed over shallow, gently sloping channels. The roots grow into dense mats with a thin film of nutrients passing over them. Aeroponics is a class of Hydroponics where the roots of a plant are suspended in a midst or fog of nutrient rich solution.

Different media are used for Hydroponics. Expanded clay, Rockwool, Coco coir, Perlite, Vermiculite and Oasis root cubes are some of them. Due to constant problems of chemicals and other contaminants in the food supply, people are looking for a safer alternative. Hydroponics fits the requirement appropriately.

Hydroponic Gardening – Getting Results With Your Hydroponic Vegetables!

Did you ever wish to have the type of garden which would produce delicious vegetables, fruits, and flowers throughout the whole year? Did you even know that was possible? Well it is – if you do hydroponic gardening! And you can create a hydroponic garden in your own home.

The secret to successful and productive hydroponic vegetable gardening year round is in finding the right well-balanced nutrient solution. The nutrient solution that you use to circulate around the roots of your plants will create for you a happy and healthy vegetable plant or it will kill it. The proper nutrient levels must be found and maintained. Here is a quick checklist of items that should be checked and maintained to create an environment conducive to a healthy thriving plant.

The pH level of the plant determines the type of nutrient solution they need. The plants that thrive on acid need a pH level below 7 while other plants will need a pH level above that.

Also, to maintain optimal absorption of the nutrient solution, it is necessary to make sure proper air circulation is occurring at the roots of the plant. A waterlogged plant will certainly not thrive!

Pre-mixed nutrient solutions can be found from a variety of sources and can even be made by the home gardener. But if you are a beginner at hydroponic gardening you may want to opt for the pre-mixed nutrient solutions.

The basic ingredients for any hydroponic solution contains a proper mix of potassium phosphate, potassium nitrate, calcium nitrate and magnesium sulfate. These must be fully dissolved in the mixture before being circulated through the vegetable plants’ root systems.

Micro-nutrients such as boric acid, manganese chloride, zinc sulfate, copper sulfate and iron sulfate are often used in the nutrient solution as well.

The nutrient solution can be used for a maximum of two weeks when plants are small. Once plants have matured the nutrient solution should be replaced every week.

Many hydroponic plants are grown in a greenhouse. The correct mixture of carbon dioxide in the air is necessary in order for these plants to thrive. This can be done a number of ways that includes: – burning hydrocarbon fuels – dry ice – decomposition of organic matter – compressed bottled carbon dioxide.

Maintaining a proper temperature is also very important for their survival. The ideal temperature for your plants is normally between 40 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit. The ideal temperature for a particular plant growing will vary however.

In addition, if it is too humid it may not be healthy for your plant. A very dry climate is not good for most plants either.

The amount of light your plants receive can cause your plant to thrive or it can doom your plant. Too much light will dry out your plants while too little light will be ineffective. Different plants will respond differently to light and many hydroponic gardeners will have to experiment with different light to attain the ideal environment for the plants’ growth.

Some plants may be affected by air pollution while others are not. If this is an issue, you may want to grow plant species that are not bothered by air pollution.

In summary, plants are affected by the following elements: pH balance, light, air, water, temperature, and pollution. If you take all of these things into consideration in your particular hydroponic vegetable garden your plants will be sure to thrive. more news please  visit:

Indoor Gardening Ideas

Indoor Gardening Ideas
Indoor gardening is a convenient and practical option for those who have limited space. In this article, you’ll get some tips on how you can go about designing your own little green patch.

If you live in an apartment that does not have a balcony for a full fledged garden, then indoor gardening is the thing for you. It is a very handy option that you can explore, if you do not want space to come in the way of your love for gardening. You can have your own little corner flourishing with beautiful plants right inside your home just by using some of the indoor gardening tips mentioned below. You’ll also get indoor gardening ideas that can help you design a garden for your home.

Indoor Planting Tips

When you think about an indoor garden design, you need to ensure that you take into consideration all the possible points before actually going about starting it. First, you need to decide what kind of plants you’ll be planting. Then you need to pick a good location. If the plants that you’re planning to plant need sunshine, then you’ll obviously have to pick a spot near the window where they are exposed to sunlight. If they need shade, then you can have them under the window sill, where they are protected from the sun. Next, you need to make sure that the area is properly secured off. Nothing from the inside of the garden gets out, and nothing from the outside goes inside. This way, your garden remains clean and so does the rest of the home. The next thing you need to take care of is proper drainage of the water. All plants need water. So you have to make sure that the water that seeps out gets properly drained and does not mess up the entire room. Given below are some indoor gardening ideas that you may want to try out.

Herb Garden
Nothing looks prettier in the interior of a home than a herb garden. The lush green herbs, together with their tantalizing aroma all mixed together in the air, render a sense of peace and exquisite ‘flavor’ to the house. If you don’t want them on the ground, you can have them in hanging garden planters all around a room. Your options for herbs are coriander, thyme, curry leaves, etc.

Flower Garden
Nothing says garden better than flowers. And if you don’t have the space for a full fledged landscape, you can have your own little miniature flower garden inside your home. Pick one flower that blooms in different colors. Roses, gerbera daisies and orchids are good options but tulips definitely take the cake in indoor flower gardening. They look simply stunning, especially when they bloom against a wall in a contrasting color.

Vegetable Garden
Another popular indoor gardening idea is a vegetable garden. It is practical and very useful. While most of it will be container gardening, if you have a balcony, you can allot a corner and plant the vegetables directly into the ground too. Chillies and tomatoes are very good options. Avoid roots and tubers for indoor vegetable gardens as it could get quite messy.

Cactus Garden
An unconventional yet fabulous idea for an indoor garden is a cactus garden. Go to your local nursery and get different varieties of cactus plants. You can also pick some colorful gardening accessories while you’re at it. The best part of this idea is that since cactus plants are really hardy, you do not have to bother about watering and taking too much care of them. They do that for themselves.

Indoor gardening can bring a sense of peace and calm to your home. It beautifies your home and makes it appear more friendly and relaxed. So, get started on one for your home right away.

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Growing Wheat Grass With Hydroponics

Hydroponics is a simple method of growing plants without soil. It helps save gardening space, is less expensive and is highly beneficial in many ways. Hydroponics method helps grow bigger yields, requires less space and is both cost-effective and eco-friendly. Indoor gardening is possible with the help of hydroponics. You can have full control on the temperature, humidity, plant nutrition and climate of your hydroponics garden. If you have basic understanding of gardening you can successfully build your personal hydroponics garden!

Wheat grass is a nutritious plant that can give you many health benefits. You don’t have to go to the market or field and waste your time anymore to collect wheat grass which may or may not be juicy or of good quality. With hydroponics you can plant your own healthy wheat grass garden. Hydroponics is the cleanest method to produce wheat grass. With the precise nutrients and water supply you can successfully grow wheat grass in your hydroponics garden. The speedy cultivation of wheat grass with the help of hydroponics will blow your mind!

You can grow wheat grass indoors with the help of hydroponics at anytime of the year and as often as you wish. To build a simple and basic hydroponic wheat grass garden all you have to do is follow the basic hydroponics gardening steps: (1) just like traditional gardening you have to start hydroponics wheat grass gardening by purchasing seeds from a local dealer; (2) place the seeds evenly in the tray in such a manner that it covers the entire floor of the tray; (3) submerge the seeds in water the halfway. Note, do not cover the tray fully with water; (4) now you can cover the tray either with second tray or any plastic cover, because seeds need no light initially; but see to it that you do not seal the tray because seeds need air; (5) water your hydroponics wheat grass every day with the help of spray bottle and once you see your plants have begun sprouting gently pour enough water gradually as your plants grow bigger.

Besides this simple homemade wheat grass growing method, you can purchase hydroponic wheat grass growing kit from your local hydroponics shop. This wheat grass growing kit will come with all components you need to grow your hydroponics wheat grass efficiently. With an initial little investment you can have your own tray of fresh healthy wheat grass. Take special care while choosing your hydroponic wheat grass kit because not all trays guarantee freshness or good quality of the hydroponic wheat grass!

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Home Grown Hydroponics – Grow Hydroponics on Your Own

If you have been looking for a growing method that allows growing hydroponics at home, and is environmentally sustainable, home grown hydroponics is the perfect method for you. Home grown hydroponics allows you to grow plants at home in various media other than soil. This can be done by setting up your preferred hydroponic system indoors or outdoors.

Growers have experienced the benefits of home grown hydroponics for years now. It’s an ideal medium to get bigger and better yields, especially in regions where soil is rocky or parched.

Plants are fed nutrients through advanced hydroponic nutrient solutions in the hydroponic growing method. Various growing systems are used to grow plants hydroponically such as ebb and flow, wick system, deep water culture, drip systems, aeroponics and Nutrient Film Technique (NFT). But, it should be noted that every simple hydroponic system has a different nutrient delivery method. For example, in the ebb and flow method, nutrient solution is flooded over suspended roots and drained from time to time; whereas in the wick system, the nutrient solution is drawn into the growing medium from reservoir with a wick to feed plants.

Some people have their own method of creating hydroponic reservoirs. But, you’ll have to make sure that they fit into the system. Containers used at home such as jars and buckets or even fish tanks can be used as reservoirs. And, if you would like to use a medium other than water, you can opt for sand, coco coir, clay pebbles, or rock wool pads too.

When you’re growing indoors or in an area where there is no adequate supply of sunlight, you’ll also need to use grow lights in addition to any of these systems. Grow lights are substitutes of direct sunlight to get good growth of indoor hydroponic plants.

You’ll have to keep an eye on plants’ pH levels in your home grown hydroponic garden too. You can get simple pH strips to check the pH levels. If your plants start getting too acidic, you can get good quality pH stabilizers that will help your plants look great.

The quality of air is an important factor in indoor hydroponic gardens. Home grown hydroponic plants can wilt or rot, if the level of humidity is high. You can also face problems of algae or insect infestation in similar scenarios. Such troubles can be avoided by installing fans or an air conditioning unit to circulate the air.

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