Indoor Grow Lights Help Your Plants Flourish

All plants, because of their need for photosynthesis, require appropriate light in order to ensure their proper growth and maturation. Indoor gardeners use indoor grow lights to supply the illumination necessary. There are a wide variety of indoor grow lights available, including LED grow lights, HPS grow lights, and even discount grow lights. There are some differences among indoor grow lights, so it pays to do a little research before you invest in them.

HPS Grow Lights

HPS grow lights, referencing high pressure sodium, are a type of HID, or high intensity discharge, light. Although a compact light bulb, they are capable of producing a lot of light, and thus their appeal to indoor gardeners. HPS lights give off light in the red to orange color spectrum, making it the lamp of choice for helping to coax your mature plants to bear fruit or flowers. HPS lamps need to be used in conjunction with a ballast, a piece of equipment that controls the flow of electricity to and through the lamp. The lamps are popular because they last a long time and are efficient to run.

LED Grow Lights

Light-emitting diode, or LED, grow lights are wildly popular among indoor gardening enthusiasts, and for good reason. These indoor grow lights are tiny and thus extremely lightweight, making them easier to use in overhead situations in a greenhouse. They also do not generate heat, thereby needing less in terms of auxiliary equipment to keep the grow room at the appropriate temperature, and do not require ballasts. LED grow lights are very efficient to run, and will save money on electricity when compared with many other types of indoor grow lights. They also provide any color spectrum of light that you might wish to use with your plants.

Why do gardeners need indoor grow lights?

Plants need light for photosynthesis, and thus if you are growing plants indoors, you need to compensate for the lack of sunlight. What you are trying to do is recreate sunlight for your plants, and this is where grow lights come into play. Of course, grow lamps are not as bright as sunlight, so indoor gardeners typically leave the lights turned on the plants for a longer length of time than natural light might occur outdoors. Without appropriate light, plants will quickly die. If you are trying to start new plants from seed, the seedlings will become weak from trying to stretch up and reach what little light there is. Instead, the light should be ample and placed close above the seedlings to ensure sturdy stems and good growth.

Consider the types of plants you want to grow indoors, and where they are in their life cycle, in order to determine which grow lamps will be best suited to your needs.

Why LED Grow Lights Are Better?

As the technology matures, LED Grow Lights are becoming more accepted in indoor gardening and hydroponics. What started out as a niche market with its own brand of cult-following, solid state now has a proven track record of success for growing anything. Compare this to HPS grow lights that need to be replaced as often as every 5000 hours and the choice is obvious. With well-researched LED Grow Lights, you can achieve 90% or better efficiency because the light produced falls within the spectra of Photo synthetically Active Radiation (PAR). This just means plants can use the light created by LED Grow Lights directly for photosynthesis. The market continues to grow as a few leading LED grow light suppliers push the technology with new research and exciting developments, shaking off the once common view that manufacturers were out just to make a buck on unproven, poorly executed fad gadgets.

The first thing that you see when looking at LED Grow Lights is claims of efficiency. While some claims are overstated, you can expect to see a 40% to 75% decrease in electricity costs when you switch from HPS or MH grow lights. By default, LED Grow Lights emit very little heat and most come with modest built-in fans to keep the chips cool. Ballasts, reflectors, heat removal systems, fans, they all cost money and add up very quickly. After the expected growing pains of a new technology, growing with LEDs is becoming more mainstream – being looked at now as not only an energy saving alternative to high wattage HID lights, but as a means to grow more in a smaller space. Because these lights emit very specific wavelengths along the electromagnetic spectrum, plants absorb the light more readily over HID lights and are able to convert it via photosynthesis into energy for vigorous vegetative growth followed by prolific flowering and fruiting. On top of that, these items do break down over time and replacement costs cut into your potential profit.

Why LED Grow Lights Are Better?

Plants need sunlight for photosynthesis which turns it into energy for vegetative growth and flowering. Traditional LED Grow Lights attempt to imitate this light and do so to limited success – limited only because these lights are inherently inefficient. While individual types of plants all have different lighting requirements (orchids have different light needs than cannabis), most plants flourish with only a limited range of light – reds, orange, and blues. LED Grow Lights eliminate the need for these things. With an average lifespan of 50,000 to 100,000 hours, LED Grow Lights continue to pay for themselves over time. This is because various processes and chemicals involved in photosynthesis respond most readily (and sometimes exclusively) to these bands of light. Because of this fact, it is necessary that traditional growing methods like light cycles, heating & cooling, nutrient and water requirements all need to be altered. We may also need to change the duration of growing cycles – vegetative and flowering. Seeds packets usually contain growing instructions either for outdoor or indoor growing. This is very common with cannabis seeds to get the most yields from the plants.

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